Antandros Antique City

kazdagi-archeology
  • N39 34.262 E26 47.146 YÜKSEKLİK:1m
Antandrosis an important Troas city located on the north of Edremit Bay, at the 2nd kilometer of Altınoluk-Edremitautoroute. It is located on the southern skirts of Mount Ida, on the summit and western skirts of Kaletaşı Hill perpendicular to the sea, in a position to control the road connecting Mysia and Aiolis to Troas. While there are many different information pieces from antique resources on the establishment of Antandros city, all antique resources agree that Antandros had famous shipyards. Herodotus talks of Antandros as a Pelasgian settlement, Vergilius says it is a Phyrigian settlement. In Vergilius’s ‘Aeneas’, it is told that around 1200 B.C., Aeneas and his company ran away from Troy that has been destroyedafter the war between the Acheans and the Trojans, and built their fleets in Antandros, a Phyrigian settlement at the skirts of Mount Ida. Strabon, an antique writer giving information on Antandros, says Antandros is a Leleg settlement in his book called Geographika. Another information supporting the chronology is the joining of Antandros to the Attica-Delos Navy Forces. On the tax lists recording the dates and the amounts of taxes paid by its member cities, Antandros name can be seen for the first time in 425 B.C.

The first explorations to locate Antandros antique city start in 1842 when Heinrich Kiepert discovers the Antandros inscription on the wall of Avcılar Village Mosque. Kiepert,has climbed Kaletaşı Hill which he has determined to beAntandros and has found a good quantity of marble and ceramic pieces, enough to prove a city settlement there. Systemic excavations in Antandros have started in 2001 at the light of the data found during the surface explorations in 2000. The excavations have started under the joint work of Balıkesir Museum and a team led by Prof. Dr. GürcanPolat, a member of Classical Archeology of Archeology Department, Faculty of Literature in Aegean University; and now continue around the Necropolis and walled areas, and the Roman Villa qualified as a Hillside House.